(King James Translation)
(1) The Flood was on the earth about 1656 A.H. (year of man), or about 2344 Before Christ.
(2) Noah built the ark, according to God’s pattern, and was saved with his family (8 souls – I Peter 3:20). Noah was the eighth person. II Peter 2:5. Enoch was the seventh from Adam and prophesied concerning the coming of the Lord in judgment. Jude 14.
(3) Enoch was Noah’s great-grandfather. Genesis 5:23 to 29. Enoch escaped death. He left the earth without dying, at the age of 365. His son, Methuselah, died at the age of 969, the oldest man ever on this earth. He died the year of the flood. Adam died at the age of 930. Genesis 5:5. Noah died at the age of 950. Genesis 9:29. Seth died at the age of 912. Genesis 5:8. Jared died at the age of 962. Genesis 5:20.
Note the following: (A.H. – the year of man)
|Genesis 5 to 11||Born||Died|
(4) Noah was 600 years old when the flood was on the earth. Genesis 7:6. And Noah lived 350 years after the flood. Genesis 9:29.
(5) Noah’s father, Lamech, was 38 years old when Adam’s son, Seth, died in the year 912 A.H. (year of man). Genesis 5.
(6) Noah’s son, Shem, (from whom Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, David, and Mary, the mother of the Lord Jesus, descended) was 98 years old when the flood was on the earth. Shem died 502 years after the flood. Genesis 11:10 and 11. Shem died the year of man 2158, about 1842 B.C.
(7) Abram was 75 years old in 2083 A.H. Genesis 12:4 (about, 1917 B.C.). Abraham died when 175 years old (Genesis 25:7): therefore, about 1817 B.C. Note then, that although Abraham was the ninth generation from Shem (Genesis 11:10 to 29) Shem lived until Abraham was 150 years old. For many years they could have talked about the events before and during the flood; for Shem lived 98 years before the flood.
(8) The Bible speaks of two men in I Corinthians 15:45 and 47: “The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening Spirit.” “The first man is of the earth, earthly; the second man is the Lord from heaven.” Concerning these two men, we also read in I Corinthians 15:21 and 22: “For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. And Roman 5:12 and 5:19: “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned.” “For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.”
(9) Romans 5:13 and 14: “For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam’s transgression, who is the figure of Him that was to come.”
ADAM TO MOSES
Remark: “From Adam to Moses,” is a period of time designated in the Bible. Abraham was 75 years old when God covenanted with him. Genesis 12:4. That was in the year 1917 B.C. It was 430 years later when God gave the law to Moses. Galatians 3:17. Therefore the law (the Ten Commandments) was given at Sinai about 1492 B.C. Moses at that time was 80 years old. Exodus 7:7. Moses lived 40 years under, the law. Deuteronomy 34:7.
Moses by tradition and revelation had sufficient information from God to give in writing a detailed account of God’s dealings and covenants with Adam, Noah and Abraham and Isaac and Jacob’s twelve sons. But all of these men had died before Moses was taken as a little babe out of the ark in Egypt’s river. God spake some things to Moses before He sent him to Egypt to be Israel’s deliverer. But by the new name, Jehovah, after the children of Israel left Egypt for Canaan, God spake more often to Moses than He had spoken to any one before him. To the nation Israel, God added revelation after revelation, first through Moses, and after him, through Joshua to Samuel, David to Daniel, Isaiah to Malachi. The Law with its sacrifices, sabbaths and ceremonies was given to Moses by Jehovah. Imposed upon them until the time of Reformation.
Hebrews 9:10. The Law was added to the Promise.
Daniel was the chosen vessel of the God of heaven to reveal to Israel and the Gentile rulers God’s “governmental” plan, beginning with the “Times of the Gentiles” and closing with the establishment of His coming heavenly Messianic kingdom on earth. His ministry was altogether different from that of any of the other men we have mentioned and the revelations that came to him from God were altogether different and new, because of new conditions. He was peculiarly the writer concerning the future of Israel and their land and King; also of the end time.
FROM ADAM TO ISRAEL AND THE LAW
Note, “from Adam to Moses,” “When there was no law.” Romans 5:13. Now note, Galatians 3:19; “Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.” Romans 5:20: “Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound.” About 1490 B.C. the law was added to the promise God made Abram 430 years before.
In Jeremiah 31:32 to 34 we are told when God made the “Law” covenant with the house of Israel (about 1490 B.C.). God tells us in Hebrews 8:9 to 13 when He made it old. So we are taught that the Old Covenant did not exist from Adam until Moses was 80 years of age.
Therefore Abel, Seth, Enoch, Noah, Shem, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Jacob’s twelve sons were not under the Old Covenant: for they all died before 1490 B.C.
Seventy souls out of the loins of Jacob went down to Egypt about 33 years after Jacob’s name was changed by God to Israel. Read the story in Genesis 35:9 to 14. So the birth of the Nation Israel was about 1700 B.C. Seventy Israelites went down to Egypt. More than 200 years later about 2,000,000 came out of Egypt. Exodus 12:37.
Thus we see that the Book of Genesis does not refer to the Old Covenant, but with God’s dealings with men from Adam to Joseph, before the Old Covenant was made at Sinai about 1490 B.C. From Adam to the Nation Israel was about 2,300 years. There was no such nation until about 1700 B.C.. From Adam to the Old Covenant was about 2,500 years. Do not think that we – begin to study the Old Covenant when we open the Bible at Genesis.
Israel had twelve sons. From them came the “Twelve Tribes of Israel”. They are yet to be judged by the “Twelve Apostles.” Matthew 19:28. Ten of the “Twelve Tribes” revolted under Jereboam, about 970 B.C. They were led into captivity by the Assyrians about 735 B.C. The two tribes (Judah and Benjamin) remained in Jerusalem until about 600 B.C. when they were taken to Babylon. II Kings 25; Jeremiah 52. Then began the Times of the Gentiles.
Where is the Nation Israel today? Read Deuteronomy 28:15 to 67 and you will see God’s awful judgment pronounced upon Israel. The history of Israel from that day (1450 B.C.) up to the present time will show how literally it has been fulfilled. See what Christ said to Israel nearly 1,500 years after the judgment of Deuteronomy: “And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.” Luke 21:24. “Behold your house is left unto you desolate. For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed is He that cometh in the Name of the Lord.” Matthew 23:38 and 39. “God hath not cast away His people whom He foreknew.” Romans 11:1 and 2. Who are Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came, who is over all, God blessed for ever.” Romans 9:4 and 5. “Ye worship ye know not what; we know what we worship; for salvation is of the Jews.” John 4:22.
Christ was born “King of the Jews.” Matthew 2:2. He was saluted, “King of Israel.” John 1:49. He Died King of the Jews. John 19:19. He was made under the law. Galatians 4:4 He was not sent (at first) but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Matthew 15:24. He was a minister of the circumcision. Romans 15:8.
NEW TESTAMENT SCRIPTURES
John the Baptist was a connecting link. He ministered as the “Kingdom of Heaven” prophet at the time Israel’s Messiah came to take away their old covenant and establish the new. And as we said, John the Baptist lived long enough to know that Israel was not going to accept the credentials of their Jehovah-King. His ministry was for Israel. Acts 13:24.
Read these words recorded in Matthew 13:17. “For verily I say unto you, that many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which you see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things, which ye hear, and have not heard them.” By this we know that Peter and his associate apostles were receiving truths from God, through His Son, that had never been revealed to righteous men. God who at sundry times spoke to the fathers through His prophet, was now speaking to Israel in His Son. Hebrews 1:1 and 2. His Son was a minister of the circumcision and was confirming many of the promises made unto the prophets and fathers. Romans 15:8. Before Christ died He told Peter that He had many more things to tell him after the coming of the Holy Spirit from heaven. John 16:12. If you will read in Acts 10:14, these words of Peter, “not so Lord,” you will find that immediately thereafter Peter was learning from heaven something that he had never known before. He learned that God was going to send repentance unto life to Cornelius and the Gentiles. Peter was receiving new truth from heaven. But there was Church truth that he did not receive, because he was peculiarly the minister to the Jews, with that gospel of the circumcision which was for them. Galatians 2:7 and 9. Peter was saved while Christ was under the law and found himself after Pentecost living in a new dispensation, filled with the Holy Spirit. He lived before and after the death of Christ; before and after the coming of the Holy Spirit. Peter had the keys of the kingdom of the heavens but not the dispensation of the grace of God. Compare Matthew 10:5 to 8; Matthew 16:16 to 20 with Ephesians 3:1 to 11. What a difference!
Hear what the risen Lord said to Saul, the Pharisee Jew: “I have appeared unto thee for this purpose, to make thee a minister and a witness both to these things which thou hast seen, and of those things in which I shall appear unto thee.” Acts 26:16. Later on this same Saul was in the Jewish temple at Jerusalem and heard some more words from the risen Lord: “Make haste and get thee quickly out of Jerusalem.” “Depart, for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles.” Acts 22:18 and 21. Paul had in his possession the written God-inspired Scriptures that told of the Lord’s dealings with Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Daniel. He knew these Scriptures thoroughly. He also knew, by conference with Peter and James, the Lord’s brother, the story of John the Baptist and the twelve apostles before the death of Christ. Galatians 1:18. But Paul had revelations from heaven that no prophet or apostle had ever received. Galatians 1:12 and 13 and Galatians 2:6. He had such a superabundance of new revelations that he was in danger of being puffed up. II Corinthians 12:1 to 8. There was no place for the truth revealed to Paul in any former dispensation. Paul lived in an entirely different dispensation from that in which John the Baptist ministered. During the transition period, Paul recognized God’s order, “to the Jew first”, and said to them, “It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken unto you.” Acts 13:46. But after he reached Rome the risen Lord changed his ministry in this respect. Then he emphasized the revelation of the “Secret” that had been hidden in God for ages, the truth, concerning the Body of Christ. Ephesians 3:1 to 15. Colossians 1:24 to 28. Paul was an apostle, a minister, a teacher of Gentiles. Romans 11:13. Ephesians 3:1. Galatians 2:9. I Timothy 2:7. II Timothy 1:11. – Moses, John the Baptist, and Peter were ministers to Israel. The Mystery (secret) is mentioned 12 times in Paul’s Prison Epistles.
By diligently searching the Scriptures we learn that to each of the eight men mentioned was committed a distinct ministry. Each, of course, had the same important ministry of declaring the righteousness of God, so there were general truths that belonged to all of the different dispensations and prophets. But each of these representatives of God was responsible to present to humanity God’s particular program for the dispensation in which he lived.
“When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.” Acts 11:18.
“And when they were come, and had gathered the church together, they rehearsed all that God had done with them, and how he had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles.” Acts 14:27.
“For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office. Romans 11:13. Whereunto I am appointed a preacher and an apostle; and a teacher of the Gentiles. II Timothy 1:11. That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost. Romans 15:16. Whereunto I am ordained a preacher, and an apostle, (I speak the truth in Christ, and lie not;) a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and verity.” I Timothy 2:7. “To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.” Colossians 1:27.
“For this cause I Paul, the prisoner of Jesus Christ for you Gentiles. If you have heard” the dispensation of the grace of God which is given me to youward:” Ephesians 3:1 and 2. “Unto me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given, that I should preach among the Gentiles, the unsearchable riches of Christ; And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ.” Ephesians 3:8 and 9.
But now, as Bible students, we are confronted with a real problem in seeking to be obedient unto Lord’s command to “rightly divide the word of truth”. Here is problem: there are many things which had their rightful place in a former dispensation, but have absolutely no place in the Church of Christ during this dispensation. On the other hand there are some things which not only had their rightful place in a former dispensation, but they have likewise been brought over by the Lord to be obeyed and observed by the members of the, Body of Christ right now.
What principle must the child of God follow in selecting or rejecting truth out of past dispensations for this present dispensation? It is obvious that there can be no intelligent understanding or spiritual application of the Truth of God unless we seek and find and apply the principle of selecting and rejecting. However, the task of thus “comparing spiritual with spiritual,” to retain or eliminate Divine truths which belonged to “other ages,” is not always difficult. For instance, any babe in Christ today should know that Israel’s Old Testament sacrifices, offerings, priesthood, sanctuary, meats and drinks, synagogue and sabbath, with all of their blessings concerning Jerusalem and its government, have no part in God’s program for the Body of Christ in this present age. But to determine just what can be transferred from the Old Testament ritual and ceremonies to New Testament worship and service, to know just how many of Israel’s promises or how much of Israel’s order can be claimed by the members of the Body of Christ is not such a simple study. There are many of the Psalms that have no reference whatever to the Church. There have other ages. God says so. Ephesians 3:5. Some things are made known to God’s people in this age which were not made known in or to other ages. God says so. Some things of God which belonged to other ages were taken away by God before this age began. God says so. Hebrews 9:13. “He taketh away the first, that He may establish the second.” Hebrews 10:9. How much of Deuteronomy is Church truth? Written for our admonition upon whom the ends of the ages are come. I Corinthians 10:11.
Every real student of the Word of God knows two things which must be known for an intelligent understanding of God’s revealed Truth. First, that the Holy Scriptures were given by God to the human race on the installment plan and therefore from the writings of Moses, about 1490 B.C., to John, about 90 A.D., new spiritual truths were being added by revelation from God. We therefore must believe in progressive Divine revelation from the first of Genesis to the last of Revelation; progressive spiritual revelation confined to the limits of the Bible. Second, the student must know under what covenant, or during what dispensation, any particular vital spiritual truth or outward form was given by God to and for His people.
Consecrated Christians sometimes disagree as to, just when a dispensation began, or when it ended.
THE BIBLE CHURCH AND OTHER CHURCHES
Nothwithstanding the fact that there is but one Bible and more than two hundred established denominations using this one Bible as their text book, each one of these denominations insists that their founders and rulers have presented the correct doctrinal interpretation of that one Bible. Moreover the acceptance by the individual Christian of that interpretation is an imperative requirement for good standing in that particular denomination. The denominationalist, therefore, cannot heartily accept from a Spirit-filled teacher of another denomination, or directly from the Holy Spirit through searching the Scriptures, and different interpretation of the Truth of God without seriously jeopardizing his or her fellowship and membership in the denomination with which he or she is affiliated. And for some unaccountable reason denominational leaders can influence their members to such denominational loyalty and obedience—if not subjection—that they esteem their denominational affiliation of greater value than that knowledge of the Word of God, interpreted by the Holy Spirit, which might differ from the established denominational interpretation.
To accept as final authority the interpretation of God’s Word by any man, or body of men, may be to so limit the Holy Spirit that the individual Christian may be kept in utter ignorance of the glorious truths in the Word of God, and such an attitude and such action on the part of any individual may even expose individual to spiritual seduction. However, for this, God tells us, there is no excuse . . . “Concerning them that seduce you . . . The anointing ye have received of Him abiding in you, and ye need not that any man teach you; but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, is truth.” I John 2:26 and 27.
But sometimes this question is asked, “why does the same Holy seem to teach several different meanings to several different believers concerning the same Scripture?” We at once answer this question by asking another question, “is it possible for the Holy Spirit to teach error to any individual?” To this question we all give an emphatic, “no.” Then our conclusion is that some people must believe that they are taught by the Holy Spirit when they are not. When the Holy Spirit moved upon holy men to give the Holy Scriptures, He certainly had a clear comprehension of the spiritual truth He presented. There was no doubt in the mind of the Spirit as correct meaning of that truth. There were no errors in the God-inspired records in the original languages. There may be cause for some misunderstandings and differences because of lack of clearness of expression of the truth in some of the translations. But the two principal causes for differences in the interpretation and application of Bible truths on the part of intelligent consecrated and earnest Christians is, first, the influence of some human leader or movement, and, second, because of the failure on the part of the individual Christian to recognize the all important principle of progressive revelation and dispensational changes in the study of the Word of God. “Comparing spiritual with spiritual is a most elementary principle. Another principle which is included in this general principle may not always prove so simple; and that is, the fact that some times the Holy Spirit may bring some part of a dispensational program to a sudden cessation with the close of that dispensation; while another part may be carried over to overlap for a short period of time and gradually wane and pass out.
HOW MANY DISPENSATIONS?
Thus we see that while the outstanding doctrines, such as sin and righteousness, grace and faith and salvation, resurrection, judgment, etc. are so clearly set forth in the Bible that the babe in Christ can understand them; yet a thorough understanding of the complete structure, interpretation and application of God’s Book is a study that knows no limit. Intelligent study of the Book means dispensational study of the Book. The dispensational study and teaching of the Book should certainly make no Christian less spiritual or practical. But it will make him anything’ but popular in religious circles; for “dispensationalism” and “denominationalism” often have very little in common. Perhaps you may have to forsake either the one or the other.
Christians may differ as to the exact number of dispensations or as just how to name them, but to once see that rightly dividing the word of truth means the recognition of dispensations, the individual can diligently search the Scriptures with this principle in mind. He will find it one of the most important keys to the hidden treasures of God’s Holy Word.
Some months ago a Christian minister, who has been teaching the Bible for twenty years, told me he recognized only two dispensations in the Bible, the Old Covenant and the New Covenant. Within twenty minutes he was convinced that he had been mistaken for twenty years, for he had taught that the Old Testament began with the creation of Adam and the New Testament began with the birth of Christ. There are many many Christians who have always believed this, but the fact is, that the Old Testament began when Moses led the children of Israel forth from Egypt, about 2500 years after Adam sinned; and the other fact is, that God’s Son was made under the law and spent His days under the Old Covenant. Jeremiah 31.31 to 35. Galatians 4:4. This Christian minister left, willing to admit that there were more than two dispensations in the Bible; but he feared there was danger in making too many, perhaps robbing the child of God of some portion of God’s Word that he should be obeying and enjoying.
There will be very little danger along this line if the child of God today will obey and enjoy God’s truth for the Body of Christ in this dispensation, and study all truth of former dispensations in the light of this “Body” truth. Here, for instance, is the command of Jesus of Nazareth given to His twelve apostles while He was on earth: “Go, preach, saying the kingdom of the heavens is at hand. Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out demons.” Matthew 10:7 and 8. “Go not in the way of the Gentiles.” 10:5. When we turn to Church truth, we find a message and order which supersedes this commission. There has been a dispensational change. How many of us have seen the heresy, confusion and fanaticism in “churches” because of the blunder of bringing the program of Matthew 10:1 to 10 into this dispensation.
One other simple example, we find in Genesis 17:14 and in Galatians 5:12 the expression “cut off.” In Genesis the man was to be “cut off” for not teaching and practicing circumcision, while in Galatians the man was to be “cut off” for teaching and practicing circumcision. What is the explanation? Very simple. Different dispensations. Read I Corinthians 9:17. Ephesians 3:1 and 2, Ephesians 3:9 (fellowship-dispensations) and Colossians 1:25. You will learn that Paul had a dispensation never given by Christ to the Twelve. Paul called it “my deposit”. II Timothy 1:12 (Greek.)
THE CHURCH—WHICH CHURCH?
But how about the order, the program, the signs and the gifts of the church during the Book of Acts? Should the Church of Christ in this day perpetuate the Apostolic program? Any intelligent student of the Bible will answer, “part of it but not all of it.” Some denominations have incorporated in their written creeds and church policy more or less of this “part” than other denominations; and unpleasant if not serious, divisions have resulted. During the Book of Acts there was Christ-given apostolic authority, witnessed by miraculous signs; there was during that early Church period supernatural demonstrations, cloven tongues of fire, speaking with tongues, laying on hands for the gift of the Holy Spirit, angelic jail deliverances, healing of incurable diseases, raising the dead, casting off poisonous reptiles, an earthquake in prison, death and blindness, judgments by the hands of the apostles, communications with heavenly beings including the audible voice of the risen Lord; there was circumcision, shaving of heads, Jewish vows and ceremonies; there were the gifts of healing, tongues. interpretations, discerning of spirits, miracles, knowledge wisdom, faith, etc.
Now who is to be the judge as to how many of these ceremonies, gifts and miracles are to be included in the Body of Christ today? It is because of the different opinions of the different judges today that we have bitter controversies and unholy criticisms, resulting from divisions among God’s people about physical healing, Holy Spirit baptism, laying on of hands, visions, tongues, miracles, anointing with oil, water baptism, etc. If there is hope for the settlement of differences of opinions, the hope must be in the one thing we are emphasizing, “dispensationalism,” which of course includes progressive revelation, and the “overlapping” principle. Of course love and meekness must be elements in the consideration. But dispensational study is the only key to agreement. What is the order for the Church or Body of Christ for today? This is the most important question for Christians in this day of confusion. There is more than one Church in the Bible but only one is this dispensation.
Now before we take up the study of the eight characters for a dispensational study, we ask this question, “How would you give a Scriptural answer to the Seventh Day Adventist who insists that you must observe Israel’s seventh day sabbath or suffer the penalty from God for not doing so?” Can you point in Scripture to the place where God says, “from now on the first day of the week will be the Christian Sabbath?” Most assuredly you cannot, for the first day of the week was not the sabbath. Because many church members have been unable to answer the arguments of the Adventists they have fallen into their snare and delusion. Why? Failure to understand the Word of God dispensationally. Failure to know the difference between Israel and the Church, between Law and Grace. So surely we must decide that it is imperative that we obey God by “rightly dividing the word of truth.”
COLOSSIANS 11:24 TO 27:
“WHO NOW REJOICE IN MY SUFFERINGS FOR YOU, AND FILL UP THAT WHICH IS BEHIND OF THE AFFLICTIONS OF CHRIST IN MY FLESH FOR HIS BODY’S SAKE, WHICH IS THE CHURCH:
WHEREOF I AM MADE A MINISTER, ACCORDING TO THE DISPENSATION OF GOD WHICH IS GIVEN TO ME FOR YOU, TO FULFILL THE WORD OF GOD; EVEN THE MYSTERY WHICH HATH BEEN HID FROM AGES AND FROM GENERATIONS, BUT NOW IS MADE MANIFEST TO HIS SAINTS:
TO WHOM GOD WOULD MAKE KNOWN WHAT IS RICHES OF THE GLORY OF THIS MYSTERY AMONG THE GENTILES; WHICH IS CHRIST IN YOU, THE HOPE OF GLORY.”
COLOSSIANS 2:13 to 15:
“AND YOU, BEING DEAD TO YOUR SINS AND THE UNCIRCUMCISION OF YOUR FLESH, HATH HE QUICKENED TOGETHER WITH HIM, HAVING FORGIVEN YOU ALL TRESPASSES;
BLOTTING OUT THE HANDWRITING OF ORDINANCES THAT WAS AGAINST US, WHICH WAS CONTRARY TO US, AND TOOK IT OUT OF THE WAY, NAILING IT TO HIS CROSS;
AND HAVING SPOILED PRINCIPALITIES AND POWERS, HE MADE A SHEW OF THEM OPENLY, TRIUMPHING OVER THEM IN IT.”
For more articles by Pastor J. C. O'Hair, visit the J. C. O'Hair Online Library.